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APA Citation Style

APA Style is preferred style of documentation for psychology and is frequently used in other social sciences.


In the seventh edition of the APA style, it is no longer necessary to insert "Retrieved from" before URLs.

Lastname, F. M. (Year) Title of document [Format if not a basic web page]. http://xxxxxx

American Psychological Association. (n.d.) Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality.

Websites rarely provide all the elements of a full citation. Refer to p. 3 of the APA Style Guide to Electronic References to see how to format a citation with missing elements. The "Site Name" in "Retrieved from Site Name" is only necessary if it is not clear from the author or the URL.

Government Report

Kidron, Y & Lindsay, J. (2014). The effects of increased learning time on student academic and nonacademic outcomes: Findings from a meta-analytic review. (REL 2014015). Retrieved from Institute of Education Sciences website:

Include a report number after the title if provided. For reports with no authors named, the issuing agency can be provided as the author.

Social Media

Bates College. (2016, March 3). Bates' Digital and Computational Studies Program will allow students to ask "the critical question of the liberal arts," says Margaret Imber, associate professor of classical and medieval studies [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from

Francis. [Pontifex] (2016, February 17). Earnings and capital are not more important than the human person, but should be at the service of the common good [Tweet]. Retrieved from