The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is used most frequently in the humanities, history, and the arts. CMS outlines two different systems of citation: Notes and Bibliography & Author-Date.
CMS Notes & Bibliography is the only style that fully defines and supports footnotes.
The examples in this guide will use the CMS Notes and Bibliography system.
Notes and Bibliography is commonly used in humanities and history, and is the only current citation style that fully accommodates and provides rules for footnotes/endnotes. Consider using the Notes and Bibliography system for any paper where footnotes/endnotes are required or if you need to document:
Notes and Bibliography also allows authors to maintain a flow within main body of a text while at the same time providing convenient locations for:
Chicago Author-Date style is a parenthetical style like APA, and is commonly used social science, anthropology, politics, economics, and other disciplines that rely on secondary sources and material that has been recently published.
Official quick guides for basic citation questions, including both parenthetical and footnote citations: