In the mid-1980s and early 1990s, several groups of Yugoslavian artists - the band Laibach, the visual art collective IRWIN, Scipion Nasice Sisters Theater group, Noordung, New Collectivism and the Department of Pure and Applied Philosophy formed the Neue Slowenische Kunst (NSK) collective. They explore themes of fascism, nationalism, socialism, and art, through music, video, film, exhibitions, literature, graphic design, architecture, theater, and even public relations. NSK's interest in the aesthetic potentials amid waning socialism and surging capitalism introduced a unique iteration of postmodernism, termed the Retro-Avant-Garde. The group continues to practice to the present day, and their website can be found at https://nskstate.com/.
In 1987, after President Tito's death, NSK stirred controversy by winning a competition to create a Youth Day poster. Their design, later found to be Nazi-inspired, led to legal action but was ultimately dropped. This incident symbolized artists challenging a powerful regime, and Youth Day was never celebrated again as Yugoslavia later disintegrated. A short documentary, Youth Day / Dan mladosti, 1987, produced by DArt Documentaries, explains:
There has been quite a bit of academic and creative scholarship written on NSK. Here is a selection of articles that discuss the group's work, including some articles written by members of the group, such as Eda Čufer:
This video is a short archival clip of members of the band Laibach being interviewed on MTV in 1994. For more videos and music, see Laibach's YouTube channel, including recent releases.
In a 5 Questions interview from MoMA publication post, Eda Čufer, art historian and member of NSK, explores navigating art histories in Eastern Europe, emphasizing support for collaborative strategies.