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MLA Citation Style

This guide provides examples for the Modern Language Association (MLA) style guide rules on citations and bibliographies.

YouTube

"Title of Video." YouTube, uploaded by Firstname Lastname or Corporate Name, Date Posted, URL.

"Cat Man Do." YouTube, uploaded by Simon's Cat, 4 Mar. 2008, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w0ffwDYo00Q

Streaming Service

"Title of Episode." Title of the Series: Plus a Subtitle. season number, episode number, Original Network, original air date. Platform, URL.

"Jaynestown." Firefly, season 1, episode 7, Fox Television, 18 Oct. 2002. Netflix, https://www.netflix.com/watch/70133876.

Song

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Song." Title of the Album. Record Label, Year of Release. URL (optional).

Beyonce. "Formation." Lemonade. Parkwood Entertainment, 2015, http://www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/?media_view=songs.

Versions of a Song

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Song." Title of the Album. Performance by Firstname Lastname or Corporate Name, Version (optional), Album Name, Record Label, Year of Release.

Mitchell, Joni. "Big Yellow Taxi." Ladies of the Canyon. Reprise, 1970.

Mitchell, Joni. "Big Yellow Taxi." Performed by Counting Crows, Hard Candy, Geffen, 2002.

Counting Crows. "Big Yellow Taxi." Hard Candy. Words and lyrics by Joni Mitchell, Geffen, 2002.

How you cite a TV show, just as with other forms of media, depends on exactly which element you are citing. Focusing on the performance by a specific actor means their name is cited first, as opposed to a show title or creator .

Television Series

Title of the Series: Plus a Subtitle. Created By Firstname Lastname, Production Company. Date Range.

Star Trek. Created by Gene Roddenberry, Desilu Productions, 1966-1969.

Single Episode of a Series

"Title of Episode." Title of the Series: Plus a Subtitle. Created by Firstname Lastname, performance by Firstname Lastname, season number, episode number, Production Company. Date.

"The Inner Light." Star Trek: The Next Generation. Created by Gene Roddenberry, performance by Patrick Stewart, Paramount Television, 30 May 1992.

Individual Performance or Contribution

Lastname, Firstname, position title. Title of the Series: Plus a Subtitle. Production Company. Date or Date Range.

Shatner, William, performer. Star Trek. Desilu Productions, 1966-1969.

Gerrold, David, writer. "The Trouble with Tribbles." Star Trek. Desilu Productions, 29 Dec. 1967.

Film or Movie

Lastname, Firstname, director. Title of the Movie: Plus a Subtitle. Performance by Firstname Lastname, Production Company, Year of Release.

Fleming, Victor, director. Gone with the Wind. Performances by Clark Gable and Vivian Leigh, Selznick International Pictures, 1939.

DVD Set

Lastname, Firstname, director. Title of the Movie: Plus a Subtitle. Year of Release. Performance by Firstname Lastname, Distribution Company, disc number.

Jackson, Peter, director. Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring. Theatrical release 2001, Extended cut, New Line Home Entertainment, DVD release 2002 ,disc 2 .