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FYS 505 - Bates STEM Scholars: Getting Started with Research

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Bates STEM Scholars Library Resources 2021

Braiding Sweetgrass by Robin Wall Kimmerer

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Recognizing human interactions with nature as a two way relationship
  • "Healthy relationship" (i.e. reciprocity, gratitude, gift-giving) in contrast to or as complementary with a "scientific relationship"
  • Nature/Earth as an unconditional source of resources
  • Responsibilities of humans for nature/environment; conservation
  • Humans as a source of lasting destruction in the natural world

Potential Resources

 


The Disordered Cosmos: A Journey into Dark Matter, Spacetime, and Dreams Deferred by Chanda Prescod-Weinstein

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Enduring history of racism in Science
  • Enduring history of sexism in Science
  • Effects of colonialism in Science

Potential Resources

 


The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Informed consent and Individual rights
  • Differential treatment in healthcare based on race and/or gender
  • Ethics of research with human subjects
  • Patients' rights
  • Transparency in healthcare

Potential Resources

Note that this collection has a search tool that allows you to search within the transcripts.  This will be very useful.

 

Penn Reading Project 2019-2020 : Weapons of Math Destruction

Penn State Libraries created an excellent guide to Cathy O'Neil's book "Weapons of Math Destruction" to support their 2019-2020 Reading Project.  There is a good chance you will find resources related to your "STEM Dilemma" there:

Penn Reading Project 2019-2020 : Weapons of Math Destruction

Big Data and Ethics


Chapters 1 and 2. "Bomb Parts: What is a Model" and "Shell Shocked: My Journey of Disillusionment"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Hedge Funds and Historical Models
  • Risk models attached to mortgage-backed securities

Potential Resources


Chapter 3. Arms Race-Going to College

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • U.S. News and World Report's College Ranking System
  • Affects of Rankings on Colleges
    • Pressure to "Game the System"
  • Affects of Rankings on Students
    • Pressure to be accepted to the "best" possible school
    • Pressure to buy into an expensive "college prep" culture and the inability of many to do so
  • The "Flutie Effect"
  • Opaque metrics (e.g. how are various criteria weighted? Is cost factored in? Post graduation success?  How long post graduation?)
  • The use of proxies as a measure of quality

Potential Resources


Chapter 4. "Propaganda Machine: Online Advertising"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • For-profit higher education and payday loan companies - predatory (?) advertising to a specific audience
  • Large scale advertising linked to social media platforms, the behaviors of very large groups of people, and machine learning
  •  

Potential Resources


Chapter 5. "Civilian Casualties: Justice in the Age of Big Data"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Predictive Policing (i.e. Predpol) Software
    • Using historical crime type, crime location, and crime date and time to "forecast" future crime
  • Observational feedback loop (i.e. the more focus you give a particular geographic area or demographic, the more crime you "discover", resulting more attention and more "discoveries")
  • Unequal application of WMD's
  • Community policing vs. WMD policing

Potential Resources


Chapter 6. "Ineligible to Serve: Getting a Job"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Do hiring questionnaires result in hiring a proxy instead of a person?
  • Gaming the employment/hiring system?  Who can benefit?  Who does not? Does this reinforce inequity?
  • Importance of reviewing the results/consequences of a big data projects and checking for alignment with original intent (e.g. Xerox)

Potential Resources

 


Chapter 7. "Sweating  Bullets: On the Job"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Min/Maxing worker compensation/worker productivity using data and labor productivity software

Potential Resources


Chapter 8. "Collateral Damage: Landing Credit"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • e-scores / credit scores
  • proxies vs. more directly relevant descriptors
  • group generalizations vs. individual assessment

Potential Resources


Chapter 9. "No Safe Zone: Getting Insurance"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • potentially intrusive workplace "Wellness Programs" and insurance rates
  • personal finances as a proxy for driving skills and driving history and car insurance rates

Potential Resources


Chapter 10. "The Targeted Citizen: Civic Life"

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Potential influence of social media on political elections

Potential Resources

Rising: Dispatches from the New American Shore by Elizabeth Rush

Examples of Issues Addressed

  • Sea level rise
  • Disproportionate effects of sea level rise on different communities
  • Denial about or ignorance pertaining to sea level rise and consequences of sea level rise
  • Costs of sea level rise (economic, societal, cultural, ecological, etc)
  • Solutions/Accommodations: (who gets a say? Who benefits? Who does not benefit?)
  • US vs Other countries/nations, US with Other countries/nations

Potential Resources

For example: Sea-Level Rise Adaptation and Risk Mitigation Measures for the City of Cape Town Resort

Some of the extensive and searchable newspaper collections available at Bates:

Below are links to examples of several of the extensive and searchable newspaper collections available at Bates.

Find even more from the "Online Collections" button on the library home page:

  • Select "Online Collections", "Browse by Type", and then "News and Newspapers".

Historical Newspaper Collections:


Historical through Present Newspaper Collections:


Individual Newspapers:

Try Searching in An Article Index:

An article index is like Google Search if it only searched journal articles.  Below you will find several article indexes that should help you find your primary scientific research article.


Try Searching in a Single Journal:

If Bates has access to a specific journal, you can search within it very easily!

  1. From the Ladd Library home page, select the "CBBcat" button.
  2. Select the "Journal Title" search button.
  3. Enter the title of the journal you want to search within and click the magnifying glass.
  4. Use the resulting search box to search within the specified journal.