(CSE 8th; 188.8.131.52)
Bibliography citations for print journal articles, microfilm and microform are all formatted in the same way.
Required citation elements include author(s), article title, journal title, publication date, volume and (if available) issue number, and article page range.
Authors names are provided in the order they appear in the publication cited. For publications with 10 or fewer authors, all are listed in the citation. Any authors listed after the 10th are represented with "et al".
In contrast with book citations, publisher and place of publication are not included in journal article citations. Also, although volume and issue numbers are included, the words "volume" and "number" are not used. Journal titles are abbreviated to save space using the ISO 4-based “List of Title Word Abbreviations" (i.e. LTWA) from the ISSN International Centre . The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is a good source for obtaining STEM journal title abbreviations.
Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue):pages.
Bavis RW, van Heerden ES, Brackett DG, Harmeling LH, Johnson SM, Blegen HJ, Logan S, Nguyen GN, Fallon SC. 2014. Postnatal development of eupneic ventilation and metabolism in rats chronically exposed to moderate hyperoxia. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 198:1-12.
Citation Number. Author(s). Article Title. Journal Title. Date;volume(issue):pages.
1. Berge J, Daase M, Renaud PE, Ambrose WG, Jr., Darnis G, Last KS, Leu E, Cohen JH, Johnsen G, Moline MA et al. 2015. Unexpected levels of biological activity during the polar night offer new perspectives on a warming arctic. Curr Biol. 25(19):2555-2561.
(CSE 8th; 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11)
Generally speaking, journal articles accessed electronically online should contain all of the information included in a print citation along with the date the article was accessed, any listed modification dates and any appropriate notes (i.e. a stable URL and/or a digitial object identification (DOI) number).
Required citation elements include editor(s), publication date, title, place of publication and publisher. If a book has been printed in more than one edition, the edition information is also required.
Optional citation elements include the extent (i.e. number of numbered pages, unnumbered leaves, volumes and screens) as well as notes (indication of language other than English, ISBN or location of rare or unique items).
Author(s). Publication Date. Article title. Journal title. [date updated; date accessed]; Volume(issue):pages. Notes.
Bos KI, Herbig A, Sahl J, Waglechner N, Fourment M, Forrest SA, Klunk J, Schuenemann VJ, Poinar D, Kuch M et al. 2016. Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus. eLife. [accessed 2016 Mar 11];5:e12994. http://elifesciences.org/content/5/e12994v2. doi:10.7554/eLife.12994.
Citation Number. Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Publication Date [date updated; date accessed]; volume(issue):pages. Notes.
1. Schwiedrzik CM, Bernstein B, Melloni L. 2016. Motion along the mental number line reveals shared representations for numerosity and space. eLife. [accessed 2016 Mar 11];5:e10806. https://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.10806. doi:10.7554/eLife.10806.
(CSE 8th; 18.104.22.168)
Audio-visual (AV) journal articles are classified as part of the material consisdered "audiovisuals" in the CSE style guide. However, due to the primacy of journal articles in scientific communications, AV journal articles are presented here in the "journal" section of this guide.
AV journal articles are cited using a modified version of the format followed for traditional journal articles. But because AV articles require specialized equipment for access, these additional requirements are noted by a "medium designator". If deemed appropriate, brief descriptive note is also included.
AV Journal Articles:
Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title (edition) [Medium designator]. Volume(issue):[Location]. Notes.
Caravaca JM, Lei EP. 2016. Maintenance of a Drosophila melanogaster Population Cage. J. Vis. Exp. [Online Video Article]. 1(109): [Video, Continuation of the Cycle: From Embryos to Flies, 2:37 min- 3:21 min]. doi:10.3791/53756.
Citation Number. Author(s). Article title. Journal title (edition) [Medium designator]. Date;volume(issue):[Location]. Notes.
1. Caravaca JM, Lei EP. Maintenance of a Drosophila melanogaster Population Cage. J. Vis. Exp. [Online Video Article]. 2016;1(109):[Video, Continuation of the Cycle: From Embryos to Flies, 2:37 min- 3:21 min]. doi:10.3791/53756.