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Biology 204 - Biological Research Experience: Molecules to Ecosystems

"Ecology" Citation Examples

Link to a recent issue of "Ecology Journal"

Navigate to this issue of "Ecology" and check out the bibliographies of a few research articles for examples of citations within an actual journal article.

Volume 102, Issue 8 August 2021


Individual Citation Examples for Common Source Types

Journal article with 1 author:

Damuth, J. 1987. Interspecific allometry of population density in mammals and other animals: the independence of body mass and population energy-use. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 31:193-246.

Journal article with 2 authors:

Greenberg, C. H., and A. McGrane. 1996. A comparison of relative abundance and biomass of ground-dwelling arthropods under different forest management practices. Forest Ecology and Management 89:31-41.

Journal article with more than 2 authors:

Reuman, D. C., C. Mulder, D. Raffaelli, and J. E. Cohen. 2008. Three allometric relations of population density to body mass: Theoretical integration and empirical tests in 149 food webs. Ecology Letters 11:1216-1228.

White, E. P., S. K. M. Ernest, A. J. Kerkhoff, and B. J. Enquist. 2007. Relationships between body size and abundance in ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22:323-330.

Online Only (Electronic) Journal Article with more than 2 authors:

MacLean, H. J., J. G. Sørensen, T. N. Kristensen, V. Loeschcke, K. Beedholm, V. Kellermann, and J. Overgaard. 2019. Evolution and plasticity of thermal performance: an analysis of variation in thermal tolerance and fitness in 22 Drosophila species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374:20180548.

Sheldon, K. S., M. Padash, A. W. Carter, and K. E. Marshall. 2020. Different amplitudes of temperature fluctuation induce distinct transcriptomic and metabolomic responses in the dung beetle Phanaeus vindex. The Journal of Experimental Biology 223:jeb233239.

Book with 2 authors:

Legendre, P., and L. Legendre. 2012. Numerical ecology. Third English edition. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Book chapter with more than 2 authors:

Rosenzweig, M. L., J. Donoghue, Y. M. Li, and C. Yan. 2011. Estimating species density. Pages 276-288 in A. E. Magurran and B. J. McGill, editors. Biological diversity: frontiers in measurement and assessment. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Website:

NFU. 2014. Healthy harvest. National Farmers Union, Warwickshire, UK. https://www.nfuonline.com/assets/36920.

PhD Dissertation:

Zhou, S. 2011. Genetic Basis of Phenotypic Plasticity in Drosophila melanogaster. Ph.D. Dissertation. North Carolina State University, Ann Arbor.